Somalia, located in the Horn of Africa, has a population of 15.64 million people with a life expectancy of 54 years (men) and 57 years (women). The health system is challenged by humanitarian crisis and a high burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases. The National Development Plan (NDP) 2017-2019 includes a health policy focusing on the provision of essential healthcare services; improved capacity building and regulation of the health workforce; implementation of the long-term Medicine and Supply Plan to secure delivery of essential health supplies; strengthening institutional and management capacity at all levels through a ‘Health in all Policies’ approach; creating a sustainable health financing system and an effective health management information system. Based on their respective NDPs, Somalia and Somaliland implement their 2nd Health Sector Strategic Plans (HSSP). In 2018, Somalia joined the UHC Partnership (UHC-P), which supports the development of a roadmap towards health systems in emergencies and the launch of a humanitarian nexus to support health system strengthening in 2019. The UHC-P supports the planned revision of the essential package of health services to ensure a comprehensive package that includes hospitals, health facilities and community level health services to strengthen PHC. Access country documents here.

Key Health Indicators