Viet Nam

Viet Nam is a country in South East Asia with a population of 88 million people and a life expectancy at birth of 73 years (males) and 77 years (females). Vietnam’s health system has grown increasing decentralized over several decades; nevertheless the national Ministry of Health plays an important steering role, and is responsible for developing national strategies and programmes as well as running national institutions. Provincial and District Health authorities and the Commune People’s Committee are responsible for the administration and delivery of health services at local level. WHO supports the Ministry of Health in its steering and supervisory role, as well its key role in coordinating the different actors and stakeholders in the health sector. The Ministry of Health’s current Plan for People’s Health Protection, Care and Promotion 2016-2020 is designed to address challenges identified during the implementation of the Five-Year Health Sector Development Plan 2011-2015. You can access important country documents by clicking here.

Key Health Indicators Country Fact Sheet

Reports on Road Map Activities

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  • Finalized / In completion
  • On Track
  • Postponed
  • Cancelled
  • National Planning

  • Facilitate meetings of the technical working groups (TWGs) and report back to the Health Partnership Group (HPG)
  • 100%
  • Develop a protocol and methodology for the next 5-year plan health sector plan (2016-2020)
  • 20%
  • Defining and improving the current benefits package towards UHC
  • 30%
  • Conduct HPG quarterly meetings including pre- and post- HPG meetings, and promote participation of a wide range of stakeholder in health sector
  • 100%
  • Support the functioning of the HPG Secretariat (Coordinator, project officer and operational costs)
  • 100%
  • Undertake INGO forum
  • 100%
  • M&E

  • Strengthen role of the Joint Annual Health Review (JARH) as part of the monitoring process for the 5-year health plan
  • 100%
  • Document lessons learnt from the previous development and implementation of the current 5-year health sector plan; and prepare for the next planning cycle: review of the implementation of the 5-year health sector plan for 2011-2015
  • 10%
  • Evaluating progress towards universal health coverage, focusing on financial risk protection, service coverage and equity
  • 100%
  • Undertake an assessment of technical assistance in the health sector, at the central and provincial levels
  • 100%
  • Undertake a mapping and develop a database of development partner contributions to the health sector for enhancing development cooperation effectiveness
  • 30%
  • Assessment of obstacles and challenges in reaching under-served people
  • 50%
  • IHP+

  • Participate, for the first time, in the IHP+ Result Monitoring Exercise
  • 70%
  • Health Financing

  • Development of national health financing strategy
  • 20%
  • Learning from international experience in price setting and provider payment methods
  • 100%

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  • Finalized / In completion
  • On Track
  • Postponed
  • Cancelled
  • ER1 : Countries will have prepared/developed/updated/adapted their NHPSP through an inclusive policy dialogue process leading to better coverage with essential health services, financial risk protection and health equity
  • Facilitate meetings of the technical working groups(TWGs) and report back to the Health Partnership Group (HPG)
  • 100%
  • Prepare inclusive process for next Joint Assessment of National Strategy (JANS) (next 5-year health plan) to improve the quqlity of and increase confidence in future 5-year health sector plans
  • 100%
  • ER2 : Countries will have put in place expertise, monitoring and evaluation systems and annual health sector reviews
  • Strengthen role of the Joint Annual Health Review (JARH) as part of the monitoring process for the 5-year health plan
  • 100%
  • Document lessons learnt from the previous 5-year health sector plan (process of development and implementation)
  • 100%
  • ER3 : Countries requesting health financing (HF) support will have modified their financing strategies and systems to move more rapidly towards universal coverage (UC), with a particular focus on the poor and vulnerable
  • Assessment of obstacles and challenges in reaching under-served people
  • 100%
  • Develop financing and service delivery strategies for improving access to essential health services
  • 100%
  • Dialogue on the implementation of financing and service delivery strategies in districts and communes in hard-to-reach areas
  • 100%
  • ER4 : Countries receiving HF support will have implemented financing reforms to facilitate UC
  • Develop a national health financing strategy
  • 60%
  • Define the improved benefit package toward achievement of universal health coverage
  • 60%
  • ER6 : At country level, alignment and harmonization of health aid according to national health plans is consolidated and accelerated
  • HPG quarterly meetings including Core Group support, pre-and post-HPG meetings, and promote participation of a wide range of stakeholders in the sector
  • 100%
  • Develop a proposal,based on the findings of the TA assessment and the mapping /database exercice,for leveraging new opportunities in international health development cooperation
  • 15%
  • ICD provincial field trips to identify needs for international cooperation, and strengthen relationships and ensure that development cooperation provided centrally also meets local needs
  • 100%
  • Support to the functioning of the HPG Secretariat(coordinator and project officer posts as well as operational costs)
  • 100%
  • Dialogue on the IHP+ scorecard and seven behaviours
  • 100%
  • Undertake a mapping and develop a database of development partner contibution including INGOs to the health sector for enhancing development cooperation effectiveness
  • 100%

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  • Finalized / In completion
  • On Track
  • Postponed
  • Cancelled
  • ER1 : Countries will have prepared/developed/updated/adapted their NHPSP through an inclusive policy dialogue process leading to better coverage with essential health services, financial risk protection and health equity
  • Organize a financing dialogue around the new 5-year health sector plan. The financing dialogue will operationalize the principles of transparency, accountability and sustainability. It will ensure DPs and INGOs carefully consider their comparative advantages in supporting the health sector, the complementarity, predictability and sustainability of their technical and financial support. The financing dialogue will ensure the Government has the information it needs from DPs and INGO to prepare transition mechanisms in areas currently receiving DP support but which will reduce over the coming five years
  • 80%
  • Building on the financing dialogue, support the Government to adjust to the new development context by assessing the opportunities and threats associated with different health sector funding modalities
  • 0%
  • ER2 : Countries will have put in place expertise, monitoring and evaluation systems and annual health sector reviews
  • Further strengthen role of the Joint Annual Health Review (JARH) to monitor the first year of the new 5-year health sector plan (2016-2020); and develop the Health Systems In Transition for Viet Nam
  • 50%
  • ER3 : Countries requesting health financing (HF) support will have modified their financing strategies and systems to move more rapidly towards universal coverage (UC), with a particular focus on the poor and vulnerable
  • Policy advocacy for full budget subsidy for near poor and vulnerable groups to enroll in health insurance
  • 80%
  • ER4 : Countries receiving HF support will have implemented financing reforms to facilitate UC
  • Development of Plan of Action on health financing in accordance with national health financing strategy
  • 50%
  • Develop a national health financing strategy
  • 100%
  • Define the improved benefits package toward achievement of universal health coverage
  • 50%
  • ER5 : Accurate, up-to-date evidence on what works and what does not work regarding health financing reforms for universal coverage is available and shared across countries
  • Capacity building for provincial government and health managers on health system strengthening and financing
  • 90%
  • ER6 : At country level, alignment and harmonization of health aid according to national health plans is consolidated and accelerated
  • HPG quarterly meetings including Core Group support including pre- and post- HPG meetings, and promote participation of a wide range of stakeholder in health sector
  • 100%
  • Facilitate meetings of the technical working groups (TWGs) and report back to the Health Partnership Group (HPG)
  • 100%
  • In line with the seven IHP+ behaviours, and building on the mapping/database exercise, identify new opportunities in international health development cooperation (e.g. South-South, triangular and other new forms of development cooperation) [Activity will be transformed / modified within the context of Activity 3 (ER4) of the 2016 roadmap]
  • 0%
  • Support to
    the strategic and operational functioning of the HPG Secretariat (positions of HPG Coordinator and Programme/Communications Officer)
  • 100%
  • Enhance participation in the 2016 IHP+ monitoring exercise, building on/linking with the outcomes of the Financing Dialogue
  • 100%
  • Ensure the maintenance of the DP/INGO mapping database
  • 100%
  • Effective functioning of the INGO forum for coordination, capacity strengthening and information sharing across the health sector
  • 100%
  • Special meeting to review implementation of the VHPD
  • 100%
  • ICD provincial field trips to identify needs for international cooperation, and strengthen relationships and ensure that development cooperation provided centrally also meets local needs
  • 100%

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  • Finalized / In completion
  • On Track
  • Postponed
  • Cancelled
  • ER2 : Countries will have put in place expertise, monitoring and evaluation systems and annual health sector reviews
  • Continue to strengthen the role of the Joint Annual Health Review (JAHR) to monitor the first year of the new 5-year health sector plan (2016-2020)
  • 100%
  • ER4 : Countries receiving HF support will have implemented financing reforms to facilitate UC
  • Development of Plan of Action on health financing (HF) in accordance with national HF strategy
  • 100%
  • Workshop/dialogue on mobilizing adequate domestic public resources for the health sector
  • 0%
  • ER5 : Accurate, up-to-date evidence on what works and what does not work regarding health financing reforms for universal coverage is available and shared across countries
  • Support to track HF and health insurance data, including the national health accounts, to inform policy making
  • 100%
  • Monitoring health financial protection and progress towards universal health coverage
  • 100%
  • ER6 : At country level, alignment and harmonization of health aid according to national health plans is consolidated and accelerated
  • Health Partnership Group (HPG) quarterly meetings including Core Group support including pre- and post- HPG meetings, and promote participation of a wide range of stakeholders in the health sector
  • 100%
  • Facilitate meetings of the technical working groups and report back to the HPG
  • 100%
  • Support to the strategic and operational functioning of the HPG Secretariat
  • 100%
  • Dialogue on International Health Partnership (IHP+) monitoring exercise and roadmap towards more effective development cooperation in line with Viet Nam Health Partnership Document (VHPD) and in response to the findings of the exercise
  • 100%
  • Maintenance of the development partner/international NGO mapping database
  • 100%
  • Upgrade the HPG website to enhance information sharing and the availability of information pertaining to the HPG and development cooperation in Viet Nam
  • 100%
  • International Cooperation Development (ICD) field trips to four provinces to strengthen collaboration between the central and local levels
  • 100%