South Sudan is a landlocked country in North Eastern Africa with a population of 11 million people and a life expectancy at birth of 53 years (males) and 55 years (females). South Sudan is in a phase of transition, moving from a core state focus of tackling a humanitarian and emergency situation to reorienting the state’s priorities to long-term development of the health sector. The country is part of the group of Fragile States that signed the Busan New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States. Challenges are however enormous, and are characterized by tensions between national government and MoH on the one hand and development partners on the other regarding several pivotal issues.
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