Mauritius is an island nation located 2,000 kilometres off the south-east coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. Its population of 1.3 million people enjoy a life expectancy at birth of 71 years (male) and 78 years (female). The Mauritian government approaches healthcare as a human right, and provides free public health services for primary care, with each household being located within 3 miles of a primary care provider. The country’s private health sector is growing, and out-of-pocket spending now constitutes 51% of current health expenditures. As the disease burden continues to shift towards non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and as the country undergoes a demographic transition with an aging population, the government is placing a heavy focus on people-centred and integrated care, with an emphasis on human resource planning and on building monitoring and accountability initiatives. The UHC Partnership will support the on-going assessment of NCDs through a health systems strengthening lens, with information feeding into the elaboration of a new health sector strategic plan. You can access important country documents by clicking here.